Speed Reading and Sub Vocalization
The human mind and vocalization
also Brit sub*vo*cal*isa*tion n : the act or process of inaudibly articulating speech with speech organs sub*vo*cal*ize vb -ized also Brit -ised -iz*ing also Brit -is*ing
People, when reading, have two different areas of their brains involved:
- Words are pronounced in one zone (Broca's zone) - the slow speed operation zone.
- The ability to understand words happens in other zone (Wernicke's zone) - the high speed operation zone.
Both zones of brain are working during reading (even if a person does not pronounce the text). Slow brain operation + Speed brain operation = Slow operation. The zones responsible for pronouncing words reduce man's ability to speed-read.
Wernicke's zone is found in the first temple convolutions of the brain. This part of brain does not work with acoustic information. It is connected with crust/cortex of the brain (visual analyzer) but does not get visual information from the eyes.
Wernicke's zone is responsible for our being able to understand another person's speech. It is also involved in our ability to form ideas and vocalize them. It not used for selecting (remove 'of the') words (only in the idea of speech). When this zone is damage a man cannot understand what another man says.
Broca's zone is located in the third coronal brain. Motor images of words are stored in this part of the brain. When a breach occurs in the working of this zone a person can understand the meaning of another's speech, but is unable to respond clearly. When the Broca's zone is broken the phonemic ear does not break and a man can clearly repeat the words.
Subvocalization is a necessity for all learning.
The reason subvocalization, (silent-reading where we hear the words mentally), gets such a bad rap from teachers is that professional academics believe it is UNNECESSARY, sort of like moving your lips when studying. Reading is our brain translating ink-blots on paper to ideas.
The three areas of the brain involved (excluding our eyes) are the AUDITORY ASSOCIATION Area, WERNICKE's Area, and BROCA's Area. Our Auditory AA handles complex processing of sound. Broca's creates speech production and articulation. Wernicke's gives us comprehension of written and spoken language. It's our translator. You are not here for a medical class so let's say that without subvocalization, (auditory reinforcement), there is no reading, nor understanding the spoken word. The problem is that many college graduates stop to hear each and every multivariable word on the page. What's wrong with that?
We need "subvox" the "under-voice" but not for every word, just the ones not within our vocabulary. In Speed learning we have created strategies to AVOID unnecessary subvocalization - yes eliminate it within a few hours. Details to students who attend and graduate.